In the Foundation Stage Learners:

• Observe, find out about and identify features in the place they live and the natural world

• Find out about their environment, and talk about those features they like and dislike.


Throughout Key Stage One and Two Learners should explore:

• Geographical Enquiry

• Geographical Skills

• Knowledge and Understanding of Places

• Knowledge and Understanding of Patterns and Processes

• Knowledge and Understanding of Environmental Change and Sustainable Development


The following programmes of study are taught in Key Stage One (Levels 1-2)

  • Ask geographical questions.
  • Observe and record Express own views about people, places and environments
  • Communicate in different ways
  • Use geographical language
  • Use fieldwork skills
  • Use globes, maps and plans
  • Use secondary sources of information
  • Make maps and plans
  • Identify and describe what places are like
  • Identify and describe where places are
  • Recognise how places have become the way they are and the way they are changing
  • Recognise how places compare with other places
  • Recognise how places are linked to other places in the world
  • Make observations about where things are located and about other features in the environment
  • Recognise changes in physical and human features
  • Recognise changes in the environment
  • Recognise how the environment may be improved and sustained.


The following programmes of study are taught in Key Stage Two. (Levels 3-5)

• Ask geographical questions

• Collect and record evidence

• Analyse evidence and draw conclusions

• Identify and explain different views that people, including themselves hold about topical issues

• Communicate in ways appropriate to the task and audience.

• Use appropriate geographical vocabulary.

• Use appropriate fieldwork techniques

• Use atlases, globes, maps and plans at a range of scales

• Use secondary sources of information including aerial photographs

• Draw maps and plans at a range of scales

• Use ICT to help in geographical investigations

• Decision making skills • Identify and describe what places are like

• The location of places and environments they study and other significant places and environments

• Describe where places are

• Explain why places are like the way they are

• Identify how and why places change

• Describe and explain why places are similar and different from other places in the country and in the world

• Recognise how places fit into a wider geographical context and are interdependent

• Recognise and explain patterns made by individual and human features in the environment

• Recognise some physical and human processes and explain how these can cause changes in places and environments

• Recognise how people can improve the environment or damage it and how decisions about places and environments affect the quality of peoples’ lives.

• Recognise how and why people may seek to manage environments sustainably and to identify opportunities for own involvement.


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